Spider plant is a trendy indoor and outdoor plants which look good due to its broad striped leaves. Beside it good looks, the spider plant benefits you as it helps naturally clean the air.
Variegated Spider plants are also known as airplane plants and are very easy to grow and maintain. Many people like to place spider plants in their office or at home.
Due to its leaves hanging downward, you may also use it in the overhanging baskets. Read on for the complete guide on spider plant growing and care.
Spider Plant Varieties
There are 4 different types of spider plant. The scientific name of the spider plant is Chlorophytum comosum. Its varieties are based on the difference in the texture and design pattern of the plant.
Let's find out how can you grow spider plants in your home.
How To Grow Spider Plants
Spider plants are unique in itself. There are many ways you can grow a spider plant. The two primary methods for spider plant propagation are building it from a seed or planting its root.
Propagating Spider Plant From Seeds
For propagating spider plant from seeds either you buy seeds from the garden shops or harvest the grain yourself. Spider plant blooms tiny flowers which you will need to pollinate if you want it to produce seed.
If you have planted it outdoor, then bees and other insects will pollinate it. But if you have planted it indoor, then you can fertilize it yourself. To do that, take a cotton swab and rub it against the middle section of spider plant flowers.
Let pollen stick to the cotton swab and then rub it to another flower to transfer the pollen. Regardless of which method you chose, if the pollination is successful then after a while you will see the flowers have faded, and a tiny little green seed pouch appear in that place.
When the seeds become ready to harvest, the seed pouch will get dry and split itself for you to collect the seeds. Be careful to let these seeds get ripe first before you harvest. These seeds are very tiny and may get lost.
So be careful when you are harvesting the seeds. You can put some paper or cloth underneath the seed pouch for easy recovery of seeds. You can also shake the seed pouch gently to collect the seeds.
You should be ready to plant it as soon as you harvest the seeds as spider plant seeds don’t remain fertile for long. To plant the seed, get a potting mix and sow the seeds around half-inch deep. Put some water and keep it warm and moist.
Germination of spider plant seed takes a couple of weeks. Be careful not to transfer the seeds to different pot till it has grown a little bit. Spider plant does not like much movements when it is germinating.
Growing Spider Plant From Baby Spiders "Roots"
The second method is to grow spider plant from baby spiders. These are the little stems which rise from the plant itself. These are the small roots which look like a baby spider.
These spider plant babies are exceptionally delicate, and you have to be very gentle when separating it from the spider plant stem. You have to make sure that you do not break the roots while separating it from the stem. Don’t try to pull it through its source as roots are very fragile, and it will break.
Once you get the spider roots, you can plant it immediately in the potting mix. If you are not ready to plant yet, then you can dip the root in a cup of water. The water will support the root to continue to grow until you are ready to transfer it to the soil.
When putting the spider roots in the soil, move the ground little bit and plant in it. Add water after the planting, so roots start growing.
How To Care For Spider Plants
Many people plant spider plant indoor which makes it easier to care for it. Like any other plants, spider plant needs sunlight, water, air and nutrients to grow.
Spider plant does not need any particular soils and will grow well in regular potting soil. But to get the better quality of spider plants, use the soil with a pH between 6.8 and 7.1.
If you are planting baby spider plant in a planter, then do not compact the ground but keep it loose for proper drainage.
Spider plants can grow in most of the lighting conditions except bright and direct sunlight. Any indoor place where it gets some indirect sunlight will make it grow.
If you are planting it in the basement or where you do not get natural sunlight then you can also use artificial lighting. Spider plants light requirements are modest as it needs at least 12 hours of sunlight to grow and remain healthy.
Keep it away from the household heat vents. But maintain the room temperature and not let it fall below 50 F. In the winter, if possible, move your spider plant indoor.
You should water your spider plant while it is growing. But be careful not over to saturate the soil with water. Empty the water holding pans under the planters as soon as possible. Draining the excess water is essential; otherwise, roots will rot.
You should also not let the soil to get dry out like a rock. Generally, watering twice a week is enough in the start but as spider plant grows you may have to change the water amount.
To check if spider plant needs water, insert your finger two or three inches inside the soil. If it remains dry then water the plant otherwise recheck it after two or three days.
If you are doing planting in the winter, then let soil gets a little bit dry before you water it again. Use lukewarm, or room temperature water as cold water could damage the spider plant roots.
For the mature spider plant, water the plant at its root rather than on the leaves. Long blade-like leaves of spider plant will make it hard for water to reach to the plant base.
In a winter if you are using room heater then there will be low humidity. Use mist sprayer to spray water on the leaves to keep it moist.
This will avoid the tips of spider plant leaves to dry off and die. Keeping your spider plant moist will also prevent it from getting attacked by spider mites.
Spider plants do not need lots of nutrients. So, you do not need to fertilize it a lot. But you may use diluted fertilizer to feed your plant so it can grow faster and stronger.
If you have organic compost, then you can add in your potting mix which will be enough for the spider plant. You may also use liquid fertilizers or fertilizer pallets.
Pruning is essential for a spider plant to maintain the good looks. You can trim the large leaves and stems of the plant in spring or summer time. If you are not planning to get more spider plant roots, then prune these little roots as well.
To prune the leaves, cut it from the base of the plant. For spider roots, cut the stem from the bottom. Pruning excess roots will decrease the nutrients required by your plant.
Weeding may not be a huge issue if you are planting spider plant in planters. But if you are planting in your yard then make sure to keep the weeds out of the way especially when the spider plants are propagating.
Common Problems And Solutions For Growing Spider Plants
Spider mites are the most common pest for the spider plant. Contrary to their names, these spider mites are not a spider but related to arachnid family of insects.
Unlike other spiders which makes a web to catch other insects, these tiny spider mites use spider webs to protect themselves from other insects. It feeds on soft tissues of the spider plant which turn the spider leaves to yellow and then dry.
These spider mites hide underneath the leaves which makes it sometimes difficult to observe it. You may use warm-water with little pressure to clean these spider mites from your spider plant. But if the infestation becomes severe, then you have to treat it with pesticides.
Mealybugs are small but very agile white color insects. If you do find it and disturb it, then it jumps off to a different plant. Mealybugs feed on plants by inserting their long sucking tongue into plants and then draw sap out of the tissue.
When these are in low number, it does not do much damage. But at a large number, it can dry out the spider plants in a couple of days. Mealybugs leave honeydew like sticky substance on leaves after feeding.
It causes the growth of molds and fungus to the spider leaves which kills the spider plant. To control mealybugs, keep an eye for the infestation. These are the soft white color cotton like bugs and may be hard to see from a distance.
So, observe your spider plants carefully once in a while for mealybug infestation. If you find a colony of mealybugs then either prune the leave or rub alcohol on mealybugs with Q-tip.
Reduce the watering or fertilization of spider plant. As plants with high nitrogen and moisture induced softness cause mealybugs to overgrow. Once you get rid of mealybugs, wash spider plants foliage with leaf shine to prevent it from future infestation.
Spider Plant Diseases
There is no specific disease related to spider plants. It makes growing and caring spider plants so easy. But sometimes it suffers from fungal leaf and root infections. These fungi develop on the plant due to the main two reasons:
- too much watering of the plant
- poor drainage of the excess water from the soil
You can identify sick spider plant by looking at the tip of the plant which starts getting dry and chips off. This is also known as tip burn. Be cautious that there may be other reasons for tip burn.
If you are using tap water then sometimes too much chlorine added in household water or significant mineral presence in the water can make the plant sick. As an alternative, you can try to switch over to bottled water and see if it improves the condition of your plant.
You may also try changing the soil of spider plants by repotting it. When repotting, pack soil loose to allow the roots to grow. Only use soil mix which is free from weeds, fungus or any kind of infections.
Aphids are the small soft insects which thrive on the sap of spider plants. They tend to blend into the color of the plant, so sometimes it is hard to notice them. When infested with aphids, you will see the leaves of the plant to start curl and die off.
Aphids secrete a large amount of honeydew like sticky fluids on the leaves. These sweet viscous fluids attract ants and other insects which further damages the plant.
To get rid of aphids, you should cut off the infested area of leave. Clean with pressurized water to remove the aphids but make sure there are no other plants nearby.
For a severe infestation, use chemical treatment of plant such as soap spray to get rid of Aphids from spider plants.
Best And Worst Companion For Spider Plants
Best Companion for Spider Plant
Spider plants are part of the Asparagaceae family. Like other members of Asparagaceae family, it will grow well when located near tomato, parsley, beets, lettuce or most other cut flower type plants.
Given spider plant do not need direct sunlight, you can also plant it with large shade-producing plants. Spider plants need space to grow and spread its leaves, so keep enough gap with the neighbouring plants.
Worst Companion for Spider Plant
Do not plant spider plants with other plants which have edible roots. Plants such as potatoes, onions, carrots, garlic, and turnips have edible roots that often attract insects and rodents which may damage the delicate roots of the spider plants.
The grass-like plants like corn and wheat may also attract wireworms which may also invade and infect the spider plant roots.
Spider Plants Commonly Asked Questions And Tips
Q. How long do spider plants live?
A. There is no limited life span of spider plants. The only thing which determines the life span of a spider plant is the possibility of infection from pests and fungus. And external environments like proper sunlight, water, and fertilization.
Many spider plants die due to overwatering, poor drainage and direct exposure to sunlight. If you avoid those mistakes, then your spider plant can last several years.
Q. How fast do spider plants grow?
A. The growth of spider plant depends on the external environmental factors such as sunlight, water, and fertilization.
But in an ideal condition, spider plants can grow up to 60 centimeters in length with roots growing up to 5 – 10 centimeter long. The leaves of spider plant can reach up to 21 – 46 centimeters wide and around 7- 27 millimeters wide.
Q. Why is my spider plant dying?
A. Most of the spider plants die either it is placed in the direct sunlight or given too little or too much water. If you are planting spider plant in a planter, then make sure there is excess water drainage hole in it.
Empty the excess water from the collection bucket of the planter as soon as possible. The roots of spider plants are sensitive, and over watering may cause spider plant leaves to start turning dark brown and dry.
Q. Are spider plant poisonous and can a spider plant kill a cat?
A. Spider plants are non-toxic to humans and animals. Cats are particularly attracted to the spider plants due to white stripes around the leaves and mild hallucinogenic property of the leaves.
It may not pose any severe health issue to the cats if it chews on spider plants leaves. But if a pet eats the leaves in excess, then it may vomit. But if you do find that your pet like to chew on spider plants then keep it out of reach of your pets with a physical barrier.